Urea – Organic Nitrogen

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Urea: A Multifaceted Organic Compound

Urea, with its chemical formula \( CO(NH_2)_2 \), is the most widely used nitrogen fertilizer in the world and also holds significance in various industrial applications. Known for its high nitrogen content and solubility, urea plays a crucial role in the agricultural sector and beyond.

Properties and Synthesis

Urea is a colorless, crystalline substance that is highly soluble in water. It is synthesized from carbon dioxide and ammonia and is known for being non-toxic and relatively stable under normal conditions.

Solubility and Use

Its high solubility in water makes it ideal for use in fertilizers, providing an efficient means to supply nitrogen to plants.

Applications Beyond Agriculture

Besides its widespread use in agriculture, urea is utilized in the manufacturing of plastics, particularly urea-formaldehyde resins, and in the pharmaceutical industry.

Diverse Applications

The versatility of urea extends to various fields due to its chemical properties.

Agricultural Fertilizer

As a fertilizer, urea is prized for its high nitrogen content, essential for plant growth. It is often applied to soil or used in foliar sprays.

Industrial and Chemical Use

In the chemical industry, urea is a key raw material in the production of many products, including plastics, adhesives, and paints. It is also used in animal feed, cosmetics, and in reducing nitrogen oxide emissions in diesel engines (AdBlue).

Handling and Storage

While urea is generally safe, proper handling and storage are important.

Safe Handling

Urea should be handled in well-ventilated areas, wearing standard safety equipment like gloves and glasses to prevent irritation.

Storage Recommendations

It should be stored in a cool, dry place, away from moisture and direct sunlight. Keeping it in a tightly sealed container is essential to prevent it from absorbing moisture from the air, which can lead to caking.


Urea stands out as a versatile and vital organic compound, especially in the agricultural sector for its efficient nitrogen delivery. Its applications in various industrial processes further underscore its utility. Proper storage and handling ensure its effectiveness and maintain its quality over time.

Urea SDS PDF - 391KB